TECNICA CALCISTICA

THE BASIC TECHNIQUE

The football technique is the set of movements with or without the ball that are implemented during a game, in which the first objective is the possession of the ball, the second the defense and the reconquest of the ball.

A significant part of the work that must be tackled in all the years of the category concerns the domain and the management of the ball: it will be a basic activity for the technical growth of young players. The coordinating aspect must always be taken into great consideration and is an important part of every session, possibly integrating it with the technical exercises that you have decided to propose.

The domination of the ball is the basis of the kids training and even if the exercise and dedication in trying to refine the gestures could make him look more like a “juggler”, this is fundamental for the subsequent stages of growth that involve work on conduction, reception and transmission.

With an effective ball domain players will be much simpler and faster. Here are some basic and fundamental exercises that have as their main objective to develop and improve the sensitivity of the use of the ball in relation to the foot and body posture.

So fundamental and important that it makes mediocre players, exceptional only for their technical and tactical mastery (later you will understand why we talk about both) of properly trapping the ball.

It is natural that when we talk about receiving, we intend to group all the possible stops that a player can make. Potentially, a football player could “stop” (ie interrupt the trajectory to control it) the ball with any part of the body, excluding arms and hands.

However, each part is used at different times. This technical skill is closely linked to the behavior and positioning.

Once again, therefore, it is the game situation that requires a particular type of reception depending on the problem that arises. That’s why we talk about technical and tactical ability. For this we identify two types of ball control: stop on the spot or damping and control oriented.

TYPES OF TRAPPING:

The stop in place is carried out in situations of reduced space due to the position of the field where the player is located or in the presence of companions or opponents in the vicinity. The stop on the spot can happen with: the sole of the foot, the instep, the inside of the foot, the outside of the foot, the thigh, the chest, the head.

The oriented control allows to pass from a non-possession phase to a possession phase directing the ball in a free area of ​​the field favoring the subsequent play. The oriented control can be done with: the sole of the foot, the inside of the foot, the outside of the foot, the chest, the head.

What limits the way in which a ball is effectively kicked is to be found in the external and internal elements of the fundamental movements. The discriminants that allow a pass or a shot to be carried out effectively are represented by the perception of the trajectory of the ball, the position of the partner or opponents, the technique and the experience of the student.

The student must be able to perform a correct execution by considering the set goals, making choices for comparison.
Even the position of the supporting limb is not easily “felt” by the student; in this regard, extreme positions should be tried together with the one assumed to be the right one, to verbalize the sensations encountered and compare them with the final result achieved.

Dribbling is a movement typical of all contact sports in which players contend an object (usually a ball) against an opposing team; however, the term is born with “our” game and is used mainly in football.

The term has English origins. It comes from the verb to dribble (dribble) which indicates the rapid, unexpected and uncontrolled direction of the burr of a person or an animal (not a very pleasant thing to imagine), compared to the movement of the dribbling footballer: rapid in execution, unforeseeable and uncontrollable by the opposing player.

Generally the ball can be conducted with the inside of the foot or with the outside, even if the correct way to combine executive correctness and speed is with the advanced part of the outside-neck of the foot.

Although it seems trivial, it is also necessary to consider 5 variables that influence the conduct:

1. Anatomy: inside foot, outside foot, foot neck;
2. Space: forward, backward, right, left, diagonal;
3. Timing: after taking visual information, reading the game situations;

4. Purpose: conquer space ahead, conquer a favorable position to continue an action, shot on target;

5. Mode: switch sides, change of direction, change of speed.

It is also good to remember that the head must remain high so as to see the movements of the companions and with the corner of the eye look at the ball so as not to lose control.

Sometimes overlooked, it is one of the fundamental gestures of the basic technique. In general, all players know how to do a header but the gesture in itself is little taught, above all it is not considered the coordination capacity necessary to use it as effectively as possible.

Knowing how to evaluate a trajectory, position yourself correctly, hit the ball with your forehead (possibly) and address; four actions to think and do in just a few moments. You will understand that you are not talking about a trivial affair, especially for young players.

What I see more and more frequently by these guys who have just left the football school, even if it may seem a commonplace, is the FEAR, relative to the impact with the ball and the possible impact with the opponent.

KOORDINATING A HEADER
1. Heading while standing still
2. Heading while moving
3. Heading while jumpig
4. Heading to the back

The truth lies in the fact that more often than not this gesture is set aside and seen as something obvious, instinctive. I take the ball, bring it behind my head and throw it in. Yet on time we see ourselves signaling a counter-foul and consequently we see the ball end up in the possession of the opponents.

And when instead the execution is correct, the ball is still lost after waiting for a movement by a partner. In short, we do not know what to do with a throw-in as TECHNICAL point of view (the execution) and from a TACTICAL point of view (how to execute it).

As already mentioned, in youth football the throw-in is synonymous with the lost ball. This is because neither the player executing the throw in nor the receiver know what to do.

The individual tactic or applied technique is the practical application of the basic technique with the aim of performing useful and effective movements in the contingent moment.

Individual tactics comprise two phases:
a) phase of possesion of the ball   |   b) phase without possession of the ball


PRINCIPLES OF TECHNIQUE APPLIED IN THE POSSESSION OF THE BALL:  loosing your marker, control and defense of the ball, pass, feint, dribbling and shot on goal.

PRINCIPLES OF TECHNIQUE APPLIED IN THE PHASE OF NON-POSSESSION OF THE BALL: positioning, marking, interceptions, tackling, defense of the goal

Whoever is not able to kick the ball, stop it, hit it with his head, etc. cannot be a football player. To learn the football technique it is necessary to repeat many times a series of technical elements, until you are able to perform them perfectly.

Football tactics can be both collective and individual. The first is a coordinated action between two or more players aimed at achieving a previously determined purpose.

Individual tactics are characterized by all movements by which our performance is useful and effective. The tactic must be carried out independently by each player: everyone is responsible for what he does, taking into account the movements of others.


Technique and tactics are two absolutely indivisible things, in the sense that without the first there cannot be the second.

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